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NIJC is a nationally recognized expert in asylum claims
based on membership in a particular social group.

NIJC is actively involved in litigating issues related to the Board of Immigration Appeals’ particular social group (PSG) definition and has participated as counsel or amicus curiae in many of the critical particular social group cases before the U.S. Court of Appeals and Board of Immigration Appeals, including:

  • Orejuela v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2005) (counsel)
  • Henriquez-Rivas v. Holder, 707 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2013) (en banc) (amicus)
  • Benitez Ramos v. Holder, 589 F.3d 426 (7th Cir. 2009) (counsel)
  • Cece v. Holder, 733 F.3d 662 (7th Cir. 2013) (en banc) (amicus)
  • N-L-A- v. Holder, 744 F.3d 425 (7th Cir. 2014) (counsel)
  • R.R.D. v. Holder, 746 F.3d 807 (7th Cir. 2014) (counsel)
  • Matter of M-E-V-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 227 (BIA 2014) (amicus)
  • Matter of A-R-C-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2014) (amicus)
  • Matter of L-E-A-, 27 I&N Dec. 40 (BIA 2017) (amicus)

 

NIJC Resources for PSG-Based Asylum Claims

 

Significant PSG Case Law

 

Seventh Circuit

  • Orejuela v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2005) (PSG: the educated, landowning class of cattle farmers [in Colombia])
  • Gatimi v. Holder, 578 F.3d 611 (7th Cir. 2009) (PSG: former members of the Mungiki)
  • Benitez Ramos v. Holder, 589 F.3d 426 (7th Cir. 2009) (PSG: tattooed, former Salvadoran gang members)
  • Sarhan v. Holder, 658 F.3d 649 (7th Cir. 2011) (PSG: Jordanian women who, in accordance with social and religious norms in Jordan, are accused of being immoral criminals)
  • Escobar v. Holder, 657 F.3d 527 (7th Cir. 2011) (PSG: former truckers [in Colombia] who resisted the FARC and collaborated with the government)
  • Cece v. Holder, 733 F.3d 662 (7th Cir. 2013) (PSG: young, Albanian women who live alone)
  • R.R.D. v. Holder, 746 F.3d 807 (7th Cir. 2014) (PSG: honest former Mexican law-enforcement agents)
  • N-L-A- v. Holder, 744 F.3d 425 (7th Cir. 2014) (PSG: landowners of means who had refused to cooperate with the FARC)

Other Circuits

  • Garcia v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) (PSG: individuals who testify against gang members)
  • Valdiviezo-Galdamez v. Holder, 663 F.3d 582 (3d Cir. 2011) (PSG: young men who have been actively recruited by gangs and who have refused to join the gangs” is a “particular social group)
  • Crespin-Valladares v. Holder, 632 F.3d 117 (4th Cir. 2011) (PSG: family members of those who actively oppose gangs in El Salvador by agreeing to be prosecutorial witnesses)
  • Martinez v. Holder, 740 F.3d 902 (4th Cir. 2014) (PSG: former gang members)
  • Perdomo v. Holder, 611 F.3d 662 (9th Cir. 2010) (PSG: Guatemalan women)
  • Henriquez-Rivas v. Holder, 707 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2013) (PSG: people who testify against gang members)
  • Cordoba v. Holder, 726 F.3d 1106 (9th Cir. 2013) (PSG: landowners in X country)
  • Niang v. Gonzales, 422 F.3d 1187 (10th Cir. 2005) (PSG: females within a particular tribe)

Board of Immigration Appeals

  • Matter of Acosta, 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985) (establishes the asylum definition)
  • Matter of H-, 21 I&N Dec. 337 (BIA 1996) (PSG: Somali clans)
  • Matter of C-A-, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) (PSG: former noncriminal drug informants working against the Cali drug cartel)
  • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) (PSG: Salvadoran youths who have resisted gang recruitment, or family members of such Salvadoran youth)
  • Matter of E-A-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 591 (BIA 2008) (PSG: young persons who are perceived to be affiliated with gangs)
  • Matter of M-E-V-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 227 (BIA 2014) (Valdiviezo on remand from the Third Circuit)
  • Matter of W-G-R-, 26 I&N Dec. 20 (BIA 2014) (PSG: former members of the Mara 18 gang in El Salvador who have renounced their gang membership)
  • Matter of A-R-C-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2014)
  • Matter of L-E-A-, 27 I&N Dec. 40 (BIA 2017)